Robert J. Norrell


Ph.D. University of Virginia, 1983


Professor Norrell is the Fulbright Distinguished Chair in American Studies at the University of Tübingen for 2010-2011. A native of Alabama, he earned the B.A. and Ph.D. at the University of Virginia. Professor Norrell writes mainly about American race relations. In 2009 Norrell published a revisionist biography, Up from History: the Life of Booker T. Washington, to some acclaim.* In 2005 he published a well-reviewed interpretive synthesis of race relations in the twentieth-century United States, The House I Live In: Race in the American Century. His book Reaping the Whirlwind: The Civil Rights Movement in Tuskegee won the Robert F. Kennedy Book Award in 1986. He has published other books on the history of the American South. He is the author of 20 scholarly articles. He has given invited lectures at Heidelberg Oxford University, the University of Cambridge, the University of North Carolina, and the University of Tübingen, and several other universities.
*[see New York Times book review and Washington Post article].

Professor Norrell teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in southern history and graduate courses in recent United States history. He has directed doctoral dissertations on education reform, environmental history, black religion, southern economic history, race relations in housing, and modern southern political history. His numerous masters students have worked on topics in race relations and southern history. His students are now employed at various universities and high schools around the United States.


  • The House I Live In: Race in the American Century (Oxford University Press, 2005)
  • Up from History: The Life of Booker T. Washington
    • Library Journal Best Book of 2009
    • Booklist Top 10 Black History Non-fiction Book of 2009
    • The Washington Post Best Book of 2009 (1 of 9)
    • 2009 Honorable Mention, US History and Biography/Autobiography, The Association of American Publishers Prose Awards
  • Reaping the Whirlwind: The Civil Rights Movement in Tuskegee (Alfred A. Knopf, 1985). Revised edition, 1998, University of North Carolina Press. Robert F. Kennedy Book Award, 1986
  • A Promising Field: Engineering at Alabama, 1837-1987 (University of Alabama Press, 1990).
  • James Bowron: The Autobiography of a New South Industrialist (UNC Press, 1991).
  • Labor at the Ballot Box: Unions in Alabama Politics from the New Deal to the Dixiecrat Movement, Journal of Southern History (May 1991).
  • Caste in Steel: Jim Crow Careers in Birmingham, Alabama, Journal of American History (December 1986).
  • Labor Trouble: George Wallace and Union Politics in Alabama, in Robert Zieger, ed., Twentieth-Century Southern Labor History (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1991)
  • One Thing We Did Right: Protest, History, and the Civil Rights Movement, in New Directions in Civil Rights Studies (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1991).
  • After Thirty Years of ‘New’ Labour History, There Is Still No Socialism in Reagan Country, Historical Journal (March 1990).
  • Steelworkers and Storekeepers: Social Mobility Among Italian Immigrants in Birmingham, in Rocco Caporale, ed., The Italian Americans Through the Generations (New York: American Italian Historical Association, 1986).

Selected Honors and Awards

  • Visiting Scholar, Social Philosophy and Policy Center, Bowling Green University, 2007
  • The Booker T. Washington Legacy Prize, 2006, The Heartland Foundation
  • Robert F. Kennedy Book Award, 1986 for Reaping the Whirlwind
  • The Mellon Research Fellowship in American History, 1984-85, University of Cambridge
  • Research Fellowship, Social Philosophy and Policy Center, Bowling Green University, 2010
  • Fulbright Distinguished Chair in American Studies, University of Tübingen, Germany, 2010-11